Saturday, 25 July 2020

Four Types of Speech as Per Vedas

The Vedic culture recognises 4 types of speech.
The GaNapati Upanishhad finds place in the Atharva Veda.We find a verse of reference here which denotes the 4 stages of speech.

tvaM chatvaari vaakpadaani

tvam = you
chatvaari = four
vaak = speech
padaani = steps ( levels of speech )

Meaning : You ( Lord GaNesha who is extolled as Bramhan-God in this Veda mantra ) are the four types of speech.As per the Vedic tradition,there are four types of speech which moves from the gross to subtle :

1.vaikharii : Physical speech which occurs through language.Vibration of the oral cavity produces the necessary sounds which form words,which is heard and interpreted neurologically by the listener.

2.madhyamaa : mental speech.Communication that can occur telepathically.Sometimes,people talk through their mind.Mental telepathy falls under this category

3.pashyanti : Pashyanti means 'to see'.This is in reference to the 'seers' of the Vedas.The person who hears a particular Veda mantra is called a Rishi ( The Rishi for the GaNapati Upanishhad is Sage GaNaka )

A Rishi is also called a 'mantra drashhTaa'.It means , ' one who sees the mantra'.The Vedas were heard and 'seen'.Seeing here denotes experiential realisation of the cosmic sounds.For example,when a man says he has 'seen' the hardship of life,it means he has wholly experienced it with his being.The Vedas were communicated to mankind through this form of 'speech'

4.paraa : This is the 'wordless' communication.This is the communion with the absolute consciousness beyond the frame of time and space matrix.It is a state.It is the speech of absolute silence.

     Video : GaNapati Upanishhad by Whatsapp Veda Learner Shravanthi


(1) Significance of gaNapati Upanishhad

(2) Word to word meaning and commentary on the Upanishhad

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