Saturday, 13 October 2018

Shivopasana Mantra Meaning - Krishna Yajur Veda

Shiva upasana ( shivopasana ) mantra from Krishna Yajur Veda @ Lyrics with meanings ( without svara indications )

Shiva upasana mantra is part of the Taittirya Aranyaka.This is the forest treaties ( part of the Vedas traditionally learnt in the forest region ) of the Yajur Veda.It occurs in the 10th Prashna,Anuvakas 16-25 .

Capital letters indicate that the sound has to be stressed ( pronounced with more force )  - equivalent to fullstop under syllable in the IAST script.

Shivopasana Mantra by my Whatsapp Veda Learner Shravanthi

The mantra starts with 22 names which end with 'namaha'.Namaha comes from two roots. Na = not , maha = me.So Namaha means = not me.So by uttering 'namaha',we disidentify ourselves from all illusions - our identification with the body and mind.Ultimately,we become empty and realise that we are Atma.Each of the description of Lord Shiva manifests in ourself like nectar which fills an empty cup when we utter 'namaha' after each description.Namaha does not mean salutations.

nidhana pataye namaha

Namaha ( namah) ; the lord ( pataye ) of the dissolution ( nidhana ) of the universe.

nidhana pataantikaaya namaha

Namaha ( namah ) ; Shiva who puts an end to the Lord of Death ( pataantikaaya ) by granting us immortality

uurdhvaaya namaha
uurdhvalingaaya namaha

Namaha ; the highest ( uurdhva ) principle.Namaha ; the Linga which is the embodiment of uurdhva

hiraNyaaya namaha
hiraNya li-Ngaaya namaha 

hiraNya = golden.One who is beneficial and charming to creatures.Namaha ; The one who is visualised as a Linga made of gold.

suvarNaaya namaha
suvarNa li-Ngaaya namaha 

suvarna = one who is endowed with attractive splendour of an excellent colour ( su-varna = excellent colour ) ! Namaha ; The Linga who is the embodiment of splendour

divyaaya namaha
divya li-Ngaaya namaha

divya = Divinity. Namaha ; the One who is the very embodiment of divinityNamaha ; Divya Linga

bhavaya namaha
bhava li-Ngaaya namaha

bhava = source of the universe,of the cycle of birth and death.Namaha ; the One who destroys the cycle of birth and death.Namaha ; the linga which is the embodiment of bhava

sharvaaya namaha
sharva li-Ngaaya namaha

sharva = One who causes the final dissolution of the Universe.Namaha ; One  who is the suppressor of the Universe at the final time of dissolution.Namaha ; the Linga which is the embodiment of Sharva 

shivaaya namaha
shiva li-Ngaaya namaha

One who is  most auspicious.Namaha ; the One who is most auspicious of all.Namaha ; the Linga who is the embodiment of auspiciousness.

jvalaaya namaha
jvala li-Ngaaya namaha

jvala = one who is radiant like flame.Namaha ; The one who is as splendorous as the flame.Namaha ; the linga who is the embodiment of this.

aatmaaya namaha
aatma li-Ngaaya namaha

aatmaa = One who resides as the inner being of all.Namaha ; The One who is the spirit dwelling in all beings.Namaha ; the aatma linga who is concealed in the heart of all beings,being the inner most self.

paramaaya namaha
parama- li-Ngaaya namaha

parama = one who is unsurpassed.Namaha ; The One who is unsurpassed.Namaha ; the linga which is the supreme Lord of Bliss and liberation.

etath-somasya suuryasya
sarva - li-Nga(ggu) sthaapayati
paaNimantram pavitram

Holding the Linga in the hand,these holy mantras ( the 22 names above ) are recited to consecrate ( pavitram ) and install ( sthaapayati ) the linga.This Linga embodies the Sun ( suuryasya ) and the Moon ( somasya ) 

Note : After the Linga is installed,the five faces of the Linga are worshiped in the following verses.

sadyojaatam prapadyaami
sadyo-jaataya vai namo namaha

Prayer to the western face - sadyojaatam :

I take refuge ( prapadyaami ) in sadyojaata - who is the source of all existence.Verily ( vai ) , Namaha ; sadyojaatam  again and again.Do not consign me ( maam ) to repeated birth ( bhava ) 

bhave bhave naatibhave bhavasva maam
bhavodbhavaaya namaha

Lead me beyond birth ( atibhave ) into the state of bliss and liberation.Namaha ( namah ) ; The One who can lead me through the cycle of death and birth. ( bhavodbhavaaya )

vaamadevaaya namo
jyeshhThaaya nama-sh shreshhThaaya namo
rudraaya namah kaalaaya namah
kala-vikaraNaaya namo
bala - vikaraNaaya namo
balaaya namo
bala-pramathanaaya nama-s-sarva-bhuuta-damanaaya namo
manonmanaaya namah

Prayer to the Northern Face - Vaamadeva

Namaha ;

* vaamadevaaya : who is beautiful,effulgent
* jyeshThaaya :  ( senior-most ) Who is ever in existence even before creation
* shreshThaaya : (best ) who is noble,most worthy and excellent.
* rudraaya : who is the cause of beings to weep at the time of dissolution 
* kaalaaya : Lord of time or one who transcends time
* kala-vikaraNaaya : who causes many changes ( vikaraNa = many or variety ) in the evolution of the Universe
* bala-vikaraNaaya : who is the source of many varieties and degrees of strength
* balaaya : who is the source of all strengths
* bala-pramathanaaya : who surpasses all strength at the time of dissolution
* sarva-bhuta-damanaaya : who is the ruler of all created beings
* manonmanaaya : who kindles the light of soul

aghorebhyo tha ghorebhyo
ghora ghora tarebhyah
namaste astu rudra-ruupebhyah

Prayer to the southern face : Aghora

Namaha to all forms for Rudra ;
ghora - terrifying
aghora - non terrifying
ghora tara - very terrifying

To all these forms - benign,splendid and destructive- at all times and all places, I surrender ( ghora and aghora denote two aspects of Shiva - aspect of creation and dissolution of the universe ) 

tat-purushhaaya vidmahe
maha-devaaya dhiimahi
tanno rudraH (f) prachodayaat

Prayer to Eastern Face

May we know ( vidmahe ) or realise the Supreme Person ( tat Purusha ).For that,may we meditate upon ( dhiimahi ) Lord Mahadeva.May lord Rudra fertilize our intellect ( prachodayaat ) such that our intelligence blossoms into wisdom and we get enlightened


Prayer to the above facing iishana

The supreme is the ruler ( iishana ) of all knowledge ( sarva-vidyaa) and controller of all created beings ( sarva bhuutaanaM ) 

bramhaa dhipatir-bramhaNo dhipatir-bramhaa shivo
me astu sadashivoom

The Supreme is the Lord ( adhipati ) of the Vedas ( bramhaa - bramhaa here denotes the word , i.e, Vedas ) and those who impart the knowledge of the Vedas ( bramhaNo).May that Supreme be benign ( shiva ) to me ( me ) .I am the Sadashiva described thus and denoted by OM.

( Here,the Sadhaka realises that He is Shiva.All descriptions given through the 5 mantras is the description of His true self as Atma - which is Paramashiva.Everything is Paramashiva )

namo hiraNya-baahave hiraNya-varNaaya hiraNya-ruupaya hiraNya-pataye
ambikaapataya umaa-pataye pashu pataye namo namah

Namaha to the One who has golden hands ( hiraNya-baahave ) ; who is the golden hue or whose speech is charming ( varNa means colour or word ) ; who is of golden form ( ruupa ) or whose form is charming ; who is Lord ( pataye ) of wealth and gold ; who is the Lord of Mother Ambika and Lord of Uma and who is the Lord of all beings ( pashu : animals )

R^itagm satyam param bramha purushhaM kR^ishhNa pi-Ngalam

My namaha to that Supreme Person - 

*Who is the embodiment of the cosmic order ( R^itagm) and Truth ( satyam )
*Whose complexion is both black ( kR^ishhNa ) and orange-red ( pi-Ngalam)

uurdhva-retam viruupaaksham
vishva-ruupaaya vai namo namaha

* Who is a great Yogi or one who has the highest power ( uurdhva-retam )
* Who has odd number of eyes ( viruupaaksham)
* One whose cosmic form ( vishvaruupaya ) envelopes the entire universe

sarvo vai rudra-s-tasmai rudraaya namo astu
purushho vai rudra-s-sanmaho namo namaha

Verily ( vai ) all this is Rudra
Namaha ; Rudra.The great Purushha is Himself Rudra- who is the light ( maho ) within all beings.Namaha ; Rudra

vishvaM bhuutam bhuvanaM chitraM bahudhaa jaatam jaayamaaNam cha yat
sarvo hyeshha rudra-s-tasmai rudraaya namo astu

This material universe ( vishvaM ) and the beings ( bhuutaM ) in this world ( bhuvanaM ) are varied ( chitraM ) and numerous ( bahudhaa ) .

All that are born ( jaatam) and those yet to be born ( jaayamaanam) are Rudra indeed.All (sarvo) this is Rudra and to Him ( tasmai ) .Namaha again and again.

kad-rudraaya prachetase miiDhussh-Tamaaya tavyase
vo chema shantama(gm) hR^ide
sarvo hyeshha rudra-s-tasmai rudraaya namo astu

We pray to Rudra 

* Who is praiseworthy ( kadrudraaya )
* Who is endowed with knowledge and awareness ( prachetase)
* Who fulfills all desires ( miiDhushhTamaa) 
* Who is all-powerful ( tavyase ) 
* Who bestows all auspiciousness ( shantama(gm) )
* Who reside in the heart ( hR^ide)

All ( sarvo ) this ( hyeshha ) is Rudra

Namaha ( namo ) to Rudra.

Om shaantih shaantih shaantih

Peace , Peace, Peace,

Peace to the body,mind and soul.


  1. how do I download a pdf version of this mantra

    1. Link :

      Check descriptions

  2. Sai Ram. the above link to download the pdf is not working. Can you make a printer-friendly version? also, i can't highlight and copy the contents to a WORD document.Not sure why the contents are protected.

    1. It has to work because it is from Youtube.

      (1) Youtube search ' Shivopasana learning improved version ' and look under descriptions.

      (2) Google search : Radiosai Vedam

    2. I can’t make a printer friendly version as well. Pl help

    3. You should be able to print the pdf - try this link

  3. Namaskaram and please accept my gratitude for the post with meanings.

  4. It would have been nice if you could allow to download this in the form of pdf.

  5. Please could you provide file for download - I am learning through Sai Devotee in NC.E-mail

    1. Sai devotees with influence from parthi recite shivopasana mantra with a substantial mistakes. Not sharing the pdf unless its pertaining an authentic source.

  6. Sorry Sir I made a mistake in one of my comments in your videos.Shivopasana mantra is in 10th Prashna/Prapathaka,Anuvaaka 16 to 25. My bad !